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Msi z97 g45 drivers
SMART UTILITIES.ZG45 GAMING and related drivers
MSI ZG45 Gaming Atheros Network Driver for Windows 8 58 downloads. Bios & Drivers for mainboards, Laptops, Desktops, . ZG45 GAMING (MS) Written by Fdrsoft on 02 September Posted in Intel Z97 (Serie 9)4/5(36). As a world leading gaming brand, MSI is the most trusted name in gaming and eSports. We stand by our principles of breakthroughs in design, and roll out the amazing gaming gear like motherboards, graphics cards, laptops and desktops.
Msi z97 g45 drivers.Overview ZG45 GAMING | MSI USA
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ZG45 GAMING (MS)
How the cache of new AMD processors looks like a cat?
According to the famous saying, a cat has nine lives. AMD has used the same number of cache blocks in a single processor to design the architecture of quad-core processors, which are planned for release in the near future. At the same time, the three-tier scheme, it is argued, allows achieving high efficiency, avoiding direct growth of the cache memory “head-on”. In the words of the Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov – not by number, but by skill.
How exactly the cache memory is arranged, it becomes clear from the figures.
The first level (L1) is formed by four blocks of 64 KB each. Each core works with its own block independently. The first level cache memory is characterized by the maximum speed of operation – data sampling is provided by two 128-bit channels, so during each access cycle two operations can be performed. The percentage of “hits” when accessing L1 is about 95%, in other words, most of the information required at a particular point in time is located here.
The second level (L2), also independent for each of the four cores, is made up of 512 KB blocks. On the one hand, this amount is sufficient to correspond to the working set of memory pages that are available to a process commonly used today. On the other hand, by “assigning” its own L2 cache to each core, the designers easily bypassed all the difficulties inherent in the architecture with shared L2 cache.
Finally, the third level of cache memory (L3), comparable in volume to the total volume of all L2 blocks, is available to all cores. The main features of the L3 cache are optimization for multi-core processor architecture, the use of highly efficient onboard memory controllers that support common RAM configurations. In the future, the L3 cache can be increased as soon as the need arises.